NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR THE HEALTHCARE OF THE ELDERLY (NPHCE)
The population of elderly persons is rapidly increasing globally. As per Census 2001, total population above 60 years of age in India was 76.6 million (7.5 %). The data of 2011 Census is yet not available, but as per projection, the elderly population as on date is expected to be around 98 million. At present pace of growth, it is likely to rise more rapidly in the coming years due to further increase in life expectancy. According to estimated projection, the population of elderly will be around 12.4 % of the total population by 2025.
The normal physiological aging process results in decrease in body stamina as well as immunity. This makes elderly more prone to diseases and disabilities. Around 8% elderly are bed ridden as per National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO). Elderly people suffer from complex health problem involving multiple organ and body system. Many of these require long term treatment or expensive interventions. The General health care delivery system which the elderly populations use at present is unable to meet the special needs of elderly population. Apart from this, with degradation in social and family values, the elderly are left alone to manage their own health problems. A dedicated health care system for elderly population is, therefore, essential.
Under such circumstances, it becomes the responsibility of the State to make suitable health care arrangement for the ailing elderly. It is high time the health care is geared to serve the requirements of the elderly and to meet the future challenge of rapidly increasing ageing society.
The objective of the NPHCE are :-
To provide easy access to preventive, promotive,
To make use of the community based primary health curative and rehabilitative services to the elderly care approach and strengthen capacity of the medical and paramedical professionals as well as the care-takers within the family for caring practices of the elderly.
To identify health problems in the elderly and provide appropriate health interventions in the community with a strong referral backup support
To provide referral services to the elderly patients through district hospital, medical colleges and strengthen health manpower development in the field of geriatric medicine.
Development of treatment models for the elderly persons in our country.
Preventive & promotive care
Management of illness
Health Manpower Development for geriatric services
Medical rehabilitation & therapeutic intervention
Developing appropriate training courses for medical and paramedical health professional in geriatric care
Promotion and encouraging basic, clinical, epidemiological and applied research in ageing and the health care of the elderly.
Integrating other systems of medicine such as AYUSH in provision of health care to the elderly
Packages of services to be made available at different levels under NPHCE
Health FacilityPackages of servicesSub-centre Health Education related to healthy ageing Domiciliary visits for attention and care to home bound/bedridded elderly persons and provide training to the family care providers in looking after the disabled elderly persons. Arrange for suitable calipers and supportive devices from the PHC to the elderly disabled persons to make them ambulatory.
Linkage with other support groups and day care centres etc. operational in the area
Primary Health Centre Weekly geriatric clinic run by a trained Medical Officer Maintain record of the Elderly using standard format during their first visit Conducting a routine health assessment of the elderly persons based on a simple clinical examination relating to eye, BP, blood sugar, etc.
Provision of medicines and proper advice on chronic ailments.
Public awareness on promotional, preventive and rehabilitative aspects of geriatrics during health and village sanitation day/camps.
Referral for diseases needing further investigation and treatment, to Community Health Centre or the District Hospital as per need.
Community Health Centre First Referral Unit (FRU) for the Elderly from PHCs and below. Geriatric Clinic for the elderly persons twice a week. Rehabilitation Unit for physiotherapy and counseling
Domiciliary visits by the rehabilitation worker for bed ridden elderly and counseling of the family members on their home-based care.
Health promotion and Prevention.
Referral of difficult cases to District Hospital/higher health care facility
District Hospital Geriatric Clinic for regular dedicated OPD services to the Elderly. Facilities for laboratory investigations for diagnosis and provision of medicines for geriatric medical and health problems. Ten-bedded Geriatric Ward for in-patient care of the Elderly.
Existing specialities like General Medicine; Orthopaedics, Ophthalmology; ENT services etc. will provide services needed by elderly patients.
Provide services for the elderly patients referred by the CHCs/PHCs etc.
Conducting camps for Geriatric Services PHCs/CHCs and other sites.
Referral services for severe cases to tertiary level hospitals.
Achievements during FY 2019 – 2020:-
ACHIEVEMENTS DURING FY 2019 – 2020
No. of Elderly Person attended OPD
No. of Elderly admitted in wards
No. of Elderly provided rehabilitation services
No. of Lab test undertaken on Elderly patients
No. of Elderly Died in Hospitals
IEC: TV Spots on Elderly Care
- Civil Hospital, Aizawl
- District Hospital, Kolasib
NPHCE Training, Day & Review Meeting:-
Name of Training
Date of Training
International Day of the Older Person
1st Oct, 2019
Training for Medical Officers & Staff Nurses on Health Care of the Elderly
29th – 31st January, 2020
Review Meeting under NPHCE
13th March 2020
Achivement during 2017-2018
1. New facilities:-
· 1 new district – Champhai District
a. Physiotherapy equipment :- Shortwave Diathermy, Stabilizer, Ultrasound Therapy, Cervical Traction Machine, Pelvic Traction Machine, Traction Bed, Transelectric Nerve Stimulator (TENS), Interferential Therapy IFT, Adjustable Walker, Muscles Stimulator, Cervical Traction Manual, Shoulder Wheel, Shoulder Pulley, Adjustable walking sticks, Walker, Elbow crutch, Auxillary crutch) – under process
b. Hospital Furniture & Appliances (Fowler Bed, Ward bedside locker, Revolving Stool, Drip stand, Ward Screen Four Folds, Oxygen Cylinder Trolley, Hand Stretcher Folding Type, Examination Table, OPD & Ward tables, Chairs, Almirah, Mattress, Blankets, Bed sheets, Bed cover, Pillows with cover, Nebuliser, ECG Machine, Pulse Oximeter, Weighing machine)- under process
c. Drugs Tab. Amlodipine, Tab. Atorvastatin, Tab. Clopidogrel, Tab. Metformin, Digital Weighing Scale, Tab. Enalapril , Tab. Glimepride 1mg, Tab. Glimepride 2mg , Tab. Amlodipine, Tab. Metformin
3. Review Meeting/ Training:-
· 2 Review Meeting – 9th May 2017, 4th December 2017
4. Achievements during FY 17-18:-
REPORTING PERFORMA FOR NPHCE
I. COMMON DISEASES UNDER NPHCE
Total no. of patients atended at Heriatrics Clinic in the reporting month (new + follow up)
No. of newly diagosed with
ix. Psychiatric disorder
No. of newly diagosed cases initiated on Rx
ix. Psychiatric disorder
Suspected cases of cancer
No. of patients admitted in ward
No. of patients underwent physiotherapy
No. of laboratory tests undertaken
No. of cases died in hospital